The World Health Organisation estimates that depression is currently the fourth most disabling diseases of all the diseases, medical, mental and general, and by the year 2020 it will be the second biggest. One in four people, during their lifetime will experience depression to the extent that they will require treatment. Depression is a common but severe disorder.


The core symptoms of depression include a persistent sadness or low mood. This may or may not be accompanied by tearfulness. The other core symptom is a marked loss of interest or pleasure in activities that you once enjoyed. There are a number of other common symptoms:

  • Changes to your usual sleeping pattern. This may include disturbed sleep, not being able to sleep, waking up early and not being able to go back to sleep or sleeping too much.
  • Changes in your appetite. You might have a poor appetite and have lost weight or you have been comfort eating and have gained weight.
  • Fatigue, tiredness and lack of energy
  • Irritability, restlessness or agitation. The reverse might be true that you are more slowed down in your movements and thinking.
  • Poor concentration or indecisiveness
  • Strong feelings of guilt and worthlessness
  • Frequent thoughts that you would be better off dead or hurting yourself in some way

Depression is usually diagnosed if you have at least five of the above symptoms, with at least one of the core symptoms. These symptoms must be persistent for at least two weeks.

Best Evidence-Based Treatments

The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommend the following psychological therapies for the highest success rate in treating depression.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT):
Cognitive behavioural therapy focuses on the relationship between thoughts, feelings, behaviours and physiological sensations. The cognitive facet assumes that the meaning one gives to an event is important and if you can change the interpretation or perception you can change the feeling (affect) associated with it. The behavioural facet assumes changing what you do is often a powerful way of changing other things in your life, which can improve affect and reduce depressive symptoms.

Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT):
Interpersonal psychotherapy focuses on the relationship between depressive symptoms and interpersonal problems. The premise is that depression can be understood as a response to difficulties within our interpersonal context. And in turn depression can affect the quality of our relationships. IPT predominantly works on improving the quality of these relationships and reducing depressive symptoms.

Behavioural Activation:
Behavioural activation is a brief psychosocial approach that aims to alleviate depression by focusing directly on behaviour change. The therapy aims to increase activation systematically so that you can have more pleasurable and/or rewarding experiences and improve any problems that you might have in your life.

Behavioural Couples Therapy:
Behavioural couples therapy is recommended for people who have a regular partner and where the relationship may contribute to the development and maintenance of depression, of where involving the partner would have a therapeutic benefit.

An anti-depressant is recommended for people who have moderate to severe depression. The combination of an anti-depressant and one of the psychological therapies mentioned above is deemed the most effective intervention according to research trials. This treatment is also recommended by NICE guidelines, for the treatment of moderate to severe depression.

Elite Psychology comprises of an expert team, specialising in the range of best private evidence-based therapies for depression. Our highly qualified associates are accredited in all four of the most successful therapies, complimented by psychiatrists who can prescribe anti-depressants on private prescriptions. We can assess you and provide the most efficacious therapy tailored to your difficulties. We know the importance of being understood, and endeavour to deliver the highest standard of psychological interventions to meet your needs.

Call us on 020 3815 7935 for further information or to book an assessment. Alternatively you can complete the online contact form.